Main List of Characters

Main Alphabetical List of Characters covered in The Romantic Movement

Paul Abadie (1812-1884) French architect and building restorer. 
Adolphe Adam (1803-1856) French composer, teacher and music critic.
Ivan Aivazovsky (1817-1900) Russian Romantic painter. 
Ernst Moritz Arndt (1769-1860) German nationalist historian, writer and poet. 
Bettina von Arnim (nee Brentano) (1785-1859) German novelist, publisher, composer, singer and visual artist.
Carl von Arnim (1781-1831) German poet and novelist.
Anton Arensky (1871-1906) Russian composer, pianist and a professor of music.
Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom (1790-1855) Swedish poet and professor. 
Daniel Auber (1782-1871) French composer.
Jane Austen (1775-1817) English novelist.
Manuel de Azevedo (1831-1852) Brazilian Romantic poet, short story writer, playwright and essayist. 

Jens Immanuel Baggesen (1764-1826) Danish Poet, Librettist critic and comic writer. 
Mily Balakirev (1837-1910) Russian composer, pianist, and conductor.
Nikoloz Baratashvilli (1817-1845) Georgian poet. 
Anna Barbauld (1743-1825) English poet, essayist, literary critic, editor, and children’s author.
Charles Barry (1795-1860) British architect. 
Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867) French poet.
Amy Beach (1867-1944) American composer and pianist.
Gustavo Becquer (1836-1870) Spanish poet, playwright and literary columnist. 
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) German composer, pianist and conductor. 
Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835) Italian opera composer.
William Sterndale Bennett (1816-1875) English composer, pianist, conductor and teacher.
Hector Berlioz (1803 -1869) French Romantic composer and conductor.
Albert Bierstadt (1830 -1902) German-American painter.
Georges Bizet (1838-1875) French composer best known for his operas.
William Blake (1757-1827) English painter, poet and printmaker.
Alexander Borodin (1833-1887) Composer and chemist of Georgian-Russian extraction.
Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) German composer, pianist, and conductor.
Clemens Brentano (1778-1842) German poet.
Kazimierz Brodzinski  (1791-1835) Polish poet. 
Anne Bronte (1820-1849) English novelist and poet. 
Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855) English novelist.
Emily Bronte (1818-1848) English novelist and poet.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861) English poet.
Max Bruch (1838-1920) German composer, violinist, teacher, and conductor.
Anton Bruckner (1824-1896) Austrian composer.
Karl Bryullov (1799-1852) Russian painter.
Friedrich Burgmüller (1806-1874) German pianist and composer. 
Robert Burns (1759-1796) Scottish National poet.
Lord Byron (1788-1824) English Poet of the second Romantic Generation. 

Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) Scottish essayist, historian, and philosopher.
Emmanuel Chabrier (1841-1894) French composer and pianist.
François-René de Chateaubriand (1768-1848) French writer, politician, diplomat and historian.
Ernest Chausson (1855-1899) French Romantic composer.
Alexander Chavchavadze (1786-1846) Georgian poet.
Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) Polish composer and famous virtuoso pianist.
Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900) American landscape painter.
John Clare (1793-1864) English poet.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) English poet, philosopher, literary critic and theologian.
Samuel Colman (1832-1920) American painter, interior designer, and writer, particularly known for his paintings of the Hudson River. 
John Constable (1776-1837) English landscape painter.
César Cui (1835-1918) Russian composer and music critic and member of “The Five”. 
Carl Czerny (1791-1857) Austrian composer, teacher, and pianist of Czech origin. 

J.C. Dahl (1788-1857) Danish-Norwegian artist.
Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863) French artist.
Leo Delibes (1836-1891) French composer, best known for his ballets and operas. 
Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) American poet.
Domenico Donizetti (1797-1848) Italian composer, best known for his 60 plus operas.
Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870) (also known as Alexandre Dumas père) French novelist and playwright. 
Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904) Czech composer. 

Maria Edgeworth (1768-1849) Anglo-Irish novelist of realist adults and children’s literature.
Joseph von Eichendorff (1788-1857) German poet, novelist, playwright, anthologist, critic and translator.
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, abolitionist, and poet.
Mihai Eminescu (1850-1889) Romanian poet, novelist, and journalist.
Ferenc Erkel (1810-1893) Hungarian composer, conductor and pianist. 

Gabriel Fauré (1845-1924) French composer, organist, pianist and teacher.
Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814) German philosopher and founder of German Idealism and self-awareness.
John Field (1782-1837) Irish pianist, composer, and teacher.
Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880) French novelist.
Friedrich von Flotow (1812-1883) German theatrical composer. 
Ugo Foscolo (1778-1827) Italian writer, poet and revolutionary.
Cesar Franck (1822-1890) French composer, pianist, organist, and music teacher. 
Naim Frasheri (1846-1900) Albanian national poet, historian, translator and journalist.
Aleksander Fredro (1793-1876) Romantic Polish poet, playwright and author.
Junqueira Freire (1832-1855) Brazilian poet and Benedictine monk.
Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) German landscape painter.
Henry Fuseli (1741-1825) Painter, draughtsman and writer on art.

Jean-Louis Garnier (1825-1898) French architect. 
Theophile Gautier (1811-1872) French poet, novelist, journalist, and art and literary critic.
Theodore Gericault (1791-1824) French painter and lithographer. 
Alexander Glazunov (1865-1936) Russian late Romantic composer, conductor and Professor of Music. 
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (1804-1857) Father of Russian music.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) German poet, playwright, novelist, scientist, statesman, theatre director and critic. 
Nikili Gogol (1809-1852) Russian novelist, short story writer and playwright of Ukrainian origin.
Seweryn Goszczyński (1801-1876) Polish Romantic prose writer and poet.
Charles Gounod (1818-1893) French composer principally of opera.
Edvard Grieg (1843-1907) Norwegian composer and pianist. 
Jacob Grimm (1785–1863) German author, linguist, philologist, jurist, and folklorist.
Wilhelm Grimm (1786–1859) German author and anthropologist. 
Hans Gude (1825-1903) Norwegian painter. 

Wilhelm Hauff (1802-1827) German poet and novelist. 
Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864) American novelist and short story writer. 
William Hazlitt (1778-1830) English radical essayist and polemicist.
Georg Hegel (1770-1831) German philosopher. One of the founding fathers of modern thought.
Heinrich Heine (1797-1856) German poet, writer and literary critic.
Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803) German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic.
E. T. A. Hoffmann (1776-1822) German author of fantasy and Gothic horror, a jurist, composer, music critic and artist. 
Johann Hölderlin (1770-1843) German poet and philosopher and a key figure in German Romanticism.
Oliver Wendell Holmes (Senior) (1809-1894) American physician and romantic poet. 
Victor Hugo (1802-1885) French poet, playwright, novelist and statesman.
Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767-1835) Prussian philosopher, linguist, diplomat and government official.
Johann Nepomuk Hummel (1778 -1837) Austrian composer and virtuoso pianist.
Engelbert Humperdinck (1854-1921) German composer chiefly of operas. 

Washington Irving (1783-1859) American short-story writer, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat.

John Keats (1795-1821) English poet of the second generation of Romantic poets.
Georg Friedrich Kersting (1785-1847)German painter best known for his Biedermeier-style interior paintings. 
Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) Danish theologian, philosopher, poet, social critic, and religious author.
Joseph Koch (1768-1839) Austrian painter. 
Theodor Körner (1791-1813) German poet and soldier. 
Zygmunt Krasinski (1812-1859) Polish poet.
Jozef Kraszewski (1812-1887) Polish writer, publisher, historian, journalist, scholar and painter. 

Alphonse de Lamartaine (1790-1869) French poet. 
Charles Lamb (1775-1834) English essayist.
Mikhail Lermontov (1814-1841) Russian Romantic poet, writer and painter.
Isaac Levitan (1860-1900) Classical Russian landscape painter.
Franz Liszt (1811-1886) Hungarian composer, famous virtuoso pianist and teacher.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882) American poet and educator.
Philip de Loutherbourg (1740-1812) French painter.

Hamish MacCunn (1868-1916) Scottish composer, conductor and teacher.
Karel Macha (1810-1836) Czech Romantic poet.
Goncalves de Magalhaes (1811-1882) Brazilian poet, playwright, physician and diplomat.
Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) Austro-Bohemian composer and conductor.
Allessandro Manzoni (1785-1873) Italian poet, novelist and philosopher. 
John Martin (1789-1854) English painter, engraver and illustrator.
Pietro Mascagni (1863-1945) Italian opera composer and conductor. 
Herman Melville (1819-1891) American novelist, short story writer, and poet.
Fanny Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1805-1847) German composer and pianist.
Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809 –1847) German composer, pianist, organist and conductor.
Prosper Merimee (1803-1870) French writer and a pioneer of the novella.
Giacomo Meyerbeer (1791-1864) German opera composer.
Adam Mickiewicz (1798-1855) Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, translator and political activist.
Maurycy Mochnacki (1803-1834) Polish literary, theatre and music critic, journalist, pianist, and historian. 
Adam Heinrich Müller (1779-1829) Austrian philosopher, literary critic and political economist.
Modest Mussorgsky (1839-1881) Russian Composer and member of “The Five”.

John Nash (1752-1835) British architect.
Gerard de Nerval (1808-1855) French poet and translator.
Carl Nielsen (1865-1931) Danish composer.
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) German philologist, philosopher, prose poet and cultural critic.
Cyprian Norwid (1821-1883) Polish poet, dramatist, painter, and sculptor.
Novalis (Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg) (1772-1801) German aristocrat, poet, novelist, philosopher and mystic. 

Adam Oehlenschlager (1779-1850) Danish poet and playwright who introduced Romanticism to Denmark.
Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880) German-born French operetta composer, cellist and impresario.
Grigol Orbeliani (1804-1883) Georgian poet, Prince and a general in Imperial Russian Army.

Niccolò Paganini (1782-1840) Italian virtuoso violinist and composer.
Samuel Palmer (1805-1881) English landscape painter, etcher and printmaker.
Thomas Love Peacock (1785-1866) English novelist, poet, and official of the East India Company.
Petar II Petrovic-Njegos (1813-1851) The Prince-Bishop of Montenegro, poet and philosopher.
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) American writer, poet, editor, and literary critic.
Wincenty Pol (1807-1872) Polish poet and geographer.
Petar Preradovic (1818-1872) Croatian poet, writer, and military general.
Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924) Italian opera composer.
Augustus Pugin (1812-1852) English architect, designer, artist and critic.
Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837) Russian poet, playwright and novelist.

Thomas de Quincey (1785-1859) English author most famous for writing “Confessions of an English Opium Eater”.

Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873-1943) Russian composer, virtuoso pianist, and conductor.
Ion Heliade Radulescu (1802-1872) Romanian poet, essayist, short story writer, newspaper editor and politician.
Jean Richer (1763-1825) German Romantic writer of humorous novels and stories. 
Eduard Riedel (1813-1885) German architect, lecturer and government building official.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908) Russian Composer and member of “The Five”.
Mary Robinson (née Darby; 1757-1800) English poet, dramatist, actor and novelist.
Samuel Rogers (1763-1855) English poet.
Christina Rossetti (1830-1894) English poet. 
Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868) Italian opera composer.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Swiss philosopher, writer, and composer.
Phillipp Otto Runge (1777–1810) German painter, and colour theorist. 

Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve (1804-1869) French Poet and literary critic. 
Camille Saint-Saëns (1835-1921) French composer, organist, conductor and pianist.
George Sand (Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin de Francueil) (1804-1876) French novelist, memoirist and journalist.
Pablo de Sarasate (1844-1908) Spanish violin virtuoso, composer and conductor.
Walter Scott (1771-1832) Scottish historian, novelist, poet, and playwright.
Friedrich Schelling (1775-1854) German idealist philosopher.
Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805) German physician, playwright, poet, and philosopher.
August Schlegel (1767-1845) German translator and critic.
Dorothea Veit-Schlegel (1764-1839) German novelist and translator.
Friedrich von Schlegel (1772-1829) German poet, philosopher, philologist, critic and Indologist.
Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834) German Reformed theologian, biblical scholar and philosopher.
Franz Schubert (1797-1828) Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras.
Clara Schumann (1819-1896) German pianist, composer, and piano teacher.
Robert Schumann (1810-1856) German composer, pianist and music critic. 
Arthur Schopenhauer (1788- 1860) German philosopher. 
Alexander Scriabin (1872-1915) Russian composer and virtuoso pianist.
Mary Shelley (1797-1851) English novelist and translator.
Percy Shelley (1792-1822) Second generation major English Romantic poet.
Jean Sibelius (1865-1957) Finnish composer. 
Juliusz Slowacki (1809-1849) Polish Romantic poet.
Bedřich Smetana (1824-1884) Known as the father of Czech music.
Robert Southey (1774-1843) English Lake Poet and biographer.
Madame Germaine de Stael (1766-1817) French woman of letters, political theorist and literary hostess. 
Stendahl (1783-1842) French Novelist
Johann Strauss I (1804-1849) Austrian composer. 
Johann Strauss II (1825-1899) Austrian composer of dance music and operettas.
Josef Strauss (1827-1870) Austrian composer of Viennese music.

Pyotr Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) Russian composer.
Ludwig Tieck (1773-1853) German poet, fiction writer, translator, and critic. 
Henry Thoreau (1817-1862) American naturalist, essayist, poet, and philosopher.
J.M.W. Turner (1775-1851) English painter and printmaker. 
Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev (1803-1873) Russian poet and diplomat. 

Fagundes Varela (1841-1875) Brazilian poet of the “Ultra Romanticism” movement.
Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) Italian opera composer.
Joseph Vernet (1714-1789) French landscape painter.

Wilhelm Wackenroder (1773-1798) German writer and jurist.
Richard Wagner (1813-1883) German Opera composer and theatre director.
James Ward (1769-1859) English painter, printmaker and engraver.
Carl Maria von Weber (1786-1826) German composer and conductor.
Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958) English pastoral composer.
Joseph Wright of Derby (1734-1797) English landscape and portrait painter.
Hugo Wolf (1860-1903) German composer of Lieder.
William Wordsworth (1770-1850) English poet.