Fagundes Varela

Portrait of Fagundes Varela

Fagundes Varela was a Brazilian poet of the “Ultra Romanticism movement”. He was born in Rio Claro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 17th August 1841 and died in Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 18th February 1875 aged 33.

Major Works

“Noturnas” (1861)
“Vozes da América” (1864)
“Cantos e Fantasias” (1865)
“Cantos Meridionais” (1869)
“Cantos do Ermo e da Cidade” (1869)

Biography Timeline

Luís Nicolau Fagundes Varela was born in Rio Claro, Rio Janeiro municipality, Brazil in 17 August 1841. His father was Emiliano Fagundes Varela was a judge and his mother was Emília de Andrade. They were both farmers and he spent most of his early childhood there. They later moved to the town of Catalao, 

1851: He meets the novelist and poet Bernardo Guimaraes and then moves to Rio de Janeiro. 

1859: He moves to Sao Paulo where he went to primary and secondary schools.

1861: He publishes his first poetry book, “Noturnas”.

1862: He enrols at the Largo de Sao Francisco Law School but doesn’t complete the course as he wants to devote himself to literature and travel. He begins to drink heavily. He marries the circus artist Alice Guilhermina Luande even though his family do not approve and the couple are poverty stricken.

1863: He writes “O Ebanarte Auriverde”

1864: He publishes “Vozes da América” (Voices of America).

1865: His wife dies and their son Emiliano dies at three months old. He writes the poem “Cântico do Calvário” about the dead child in his book “Cantos e Fantasias” (Songs and Fantasies) which is considered to be his masterpiece. He is known as one of the forerunners of “Condoeism” along with the ultra-Romantic poet Junqueira Freire.

1867: He returns to São Paulo and once more joins the Largo de São Francisco Law School but abandons later on in the course. He then returns back to the farm in Rio Claro. He marries once more, this time to his cousin Maria Belisária de Brito Lambert and they go on to have two daughters and one son.

1869: “Cantos Meridionais” and “Cantos do Ermo e da Cidade” are published.

1870: He moves to Niterói with his father and lives there until his death.

Luís Nicolau Fagundes died on 18th February 1875 of a stroke in Niteroi, Rio Janeiro, Brazil and was buried there. “O Diário de Lázaro e Outras Poesias” is published posthumously in 1880.

Further Information

Text of: “Fagundes Varela and the Romantic Syndrome: A Neurocognitive Approach to “Arquetipo”.