Kazimierz Brodzinski

Portrait of Kazimierz Brodzinski

Kazimierz Brodzinski was an important Polish Romantic poet, philosopher and Polish nationalist. He was born in Krolowka, Poland on 8th March 1791 and died in Dresden, Germany on 10th October 1835 aged 44.

Major Works

“O Klasyczności i Romantyczności Tudzież o Duchu Poezji Polskiej”  (About Classicism and Romanticism and the Spirit of Poetry)(1818) 
“Wiesław” and “Kalmora” (Opera Libretto) (1820)
“O Idylli Pod Względem Moralnym” (About the Moral Idyll) (1823)

Biography Timeline

Kazimierz Brodzinski was born on 8th March 1791 in Krolowka, near Bochnia, in southern Poland. His family were minor nobles. He was educated at Tarnow grammar school.

1812: After leaving school he served in the army of the Duchy of Warsaw and on campaign with Napoleon Bonaparte’s troops he is promoted to the rank of lieutenant.

1813: He takes part in the Battle of Leipzig, otherwise known as the Battle of Nations in October and is wounded and taken prisoner by the Prussian army.

1814: After being released he settles in Warsaw and gets a job as a clerk. He joins the freemasons. 

1818: He moves on to become a teacher of Polish literature in several schools in the city. He publishes “O Klasyczności i Romantyczności Tudzież o Duchu Poezji Polskiej” (About Classicism and Romanticism and the Spirit of Poetry).

1819: He becomes a secretary for the Russian dominated Great East Region of Poland. He also works on the editorial staff of the magazine “Pamiętnik Warszawski” and eventually becomes co-editor.

1820: He publishes the first version of the pastoral poem “Wiesław” in “Pamiętnik Warszawski” and it proves very popular. On the surface it is a love story but it is more a description of the harmony between virtuous people and nature. He also writes the libretto for “Kalmora” an opera by Karol Kurpinski.

1823: On the receipt of his doctorate in philosophy he is appointed Professor at Warsaw University and becomes a member of the Society of the Friends of the Sciences. As his health is poor, he makes journeys to Prague, where he studies Czech and Slovak folklore, and then Germany, Italy, Switzerland and France to help his ailments. He publishes “O Idylli Pod Względem Moralnym”. (About the Moral Idyll).

1830: During the November Uprising against the Russian authorities he becomes editor of the insurgent newspapers “Kurier Polski” and “Nowa Polska”. He is appointed a general inspector of schools by the new “authorities”government” and tasked to reorganise education. 

1831: After the collapse of the Uprising in September he is removed from all of his posts but stays in Krakow.

1834: He returns to Warsaw where he becomes Editor of “Jutrzenka” and “Magazyn Powszechny”. Adam Mickiewicz mentions him as an important Polish author in the Epilogue of “Pan Tadeusz”.

1835: In May he travels to Carlsbad, Germany (now in Czechia) to seek a treatment for his illness.

Kazimierz Brodzinski died on 10th October 1835 in Dresden, Germany on his way back to Poland. He was buried at the Stadtkreis Dresden (State Cemetery) in Germany. His complete works were published in ten volumes in 1842. 

Further Information

List of works by Brodzinski.