Romantic Philosophers and Historians:

Romanticism was major turn away from the exact analytical scientific principles of the Age of Reason before it which did not allow for the freedom of the human spirit or emotions. Romantic philosophers believe that the universe is a single interconnected whole full of life and not consisting of lifeless matter where its parts can be studied endlessly in isolation which somehow misses the point. Mankind cannot create moral values if it is merely a mechanical functioning entity. Philosophical romanticism can be traced back to the work of Jean Jacques Rousseau who first outlined the idea of the noble savage uncorrupted by artificial civilisation.

People in this field include:

Thomas Carlyle: (1795-1881) Scottish essayist, historian, and philosopher. See his full page here.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge: (1772-1834) English poet, philosopher, literary critic and theologian. See his full page here.

Ralph Waldo Emerson: (1803-1882) American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, abolitionist, and poet. See his full page here.

Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814) German philosopher and founder of German Idealism and the concept of self awareness. See his full page here.

Johann Joseph Görres (1776-1848) German writer, philosopher, theologian, historian and catholic journalist. See his full page here.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: (1770-1831) German philosopher. One of the founding fathers of modern thought. See his full page here.

Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803) German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic. See his full page here.

Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843) German poet and philosopher and a key figure in German Romanticism. See his full page here.

Friedrich Wilhelm von Humboldt: (1767-1835) Prussian philosopher, linguist, diplomat and government official. See his full page here.

Soren Kierkegaard: (1813-1855) Danish theologian, philosopher, poet, social critic, and religious author. See his full page here.

Allessandro Francesco Tommaso Antonio Manzoni: (1785-1873) Italian poet, novelist and philosopher. See his full page here.

Maurycy Mochnacki: (1803-1834) Polish literary, theatre and music critic, journalist, pianist, and historian. See his full page here.

Adam Heinrich Müller: (1779-1829) Austrian philosopher, literary critic and political economist. See his full page here.

Friedrich Nietzsche: (1844-1900) German philologist, philosopher, prose poet and cultural critic. See his full page here.

Novalis: (Birth name Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg) was a German aristocrat and poet, novelist, philosopher and mystic. See his full page here.

Petar II Petrovic-Njegos: (1813-1851) the Prince-Bishop of Montenegro was a poet and philosopher. See his full page here.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau: (1712-1778) Swiss philosopher, writer, and composer. See his full page here.

Friedrich Schelling: (1775–1854) German philosopher who is placed at the midpoint of German idealism. See his full page here.

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller: (1759-1805) German physician, playwright, poet, and philosopher. See his full page here.

August Wilhelm von Schlegel: (1767-1845) German, translator and critic. See his full page here.

Friedrich von Schlegel: (1772-1829) German poet, philosopher, philologist, critic and Indologist. See his full page here.

Friedrich Schleiermacher: (1768-1834) German Reformed theologian, biblical scholar and philosopher. See his full page here.

Arthur Schopenhauer: (1788- 1860) German philosopher. See his full page here.

Madame Germaine de Stael: (1766-1817) French woman of letters, political theorist and literary hostess. See her full page here.

Henry David Thoreau: (1817-1862) American naturalist, essayist, poet, and philosopher. See his full page here.