Giuseppe Verdi

Giuseppe Verdi

Giuseppe Verdi was an Italian composer best known for his large-scale dramatic operas. He was born on 10th October 1813 in Le Roncole, Italy and died on 27th January 1901 in Milan aged 87.

Major Works

“Rigoletto” (1851) 
“Il trovatore” (1853)
“La Traviata” (1853)
“Aida” (1871)

Biography Timeline

Giuseppe Verdi was born on the 10th October 1813 at Roncole, Busseto, Italy.

1832-1835: He studied privately in Milan with Vincenzo Lavigna.

1836: He wins the competition of “Maestro di Musica” of the town council of Busseto. He married Margherita Barezzi on 4th May.

1839: His first work the opera “Oberto Conte di San Bonifacio” was performaned at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan on 17th November and was well received.

1840: His children Virginia and Icilio die earlier in the year and on 18th June his wife Margherita dies suddenly. “Un giorno di regno” appears at La Scala but is cancelled after one performance.

1842: “Nabucco” by contrast is a great success on 9th March.

1843: “Lombardi alla Prima Crociata” is performed at La Scala.

1844: “Ernani” is put on at the “Teatro La Fenice” in Venice. and “I Due Foscari” is performed in Rome at “Teatro Argentina”.

1845: “Giovanna D’Arco” is performed at La Scala, Milan and “Alzira” at the “San Carlo” Theatre in Naples.

1846: “Attila” is performed at La Fenice” Venice on the 17th March.

1847: “Macbeth” is performed at the “Pergola” in Florence in March and “I Masnadieri” in London (Her Majesty’s Theatre) in July. He moves in with the soprano Giuseppina Strepponi.

1848: “Il Corsaro” is performed at the “Teatro Grande” in Trieste in October.

1849: “Luisa Miller” is performed at the “San Carlo” theatre in Naples.

1850: Stiffelio” is performed in Trieste.

1851: “Rigoletto” is performed at La “Fenice” on 11th March. Verdi’s mother dies on 28th June.

1853: “Il Trovatore” is performed at the Apollo Theatre in Rome on the 19th January and “La Traviata” at “La Fenice” on the 6th March.

1855: “I Vespri Siciliani” is performed at the “Opera” in Paris on the 13th June.

1857: “Simon Boccanegra” is performed at “La Fenice” on the 12th March.

1858: He marries Giuseppina Strepponi on 29th August in Savoia.

1862: He visits London, England for the inaugural performance of “Hymn of the Nations”. “The Force of Destiny” is performed in St Petersburg, Russia in November.

1867: His father dies on 14th January. From May he begins to look after his cousin Maria Filomena Verdi.

1868: On the 30th June he visits Alessandro Manzoni in Milan. Giochono Rossini dies on the 13th November and Verdi organises a requiem mass to be given in his honour.

1869: A new version of “The Force of Destiny” is performed at tLa Scala on the 27th February.

1871: The first performance of Verdi’s opera “Aida” is given in Cairo on the 24th December to celebrate the opening of the Suez Canal.

1874: “The Requiem Mass”, composed in honour of Alessandro Manzoni, is conducted by Verdi in the Church of San Marco in Milan on the 22nd May.

1881: “Simon Boccanegra” is performed at La Scala on the 24th March.

1884: His first performance of “Don Carlo” is performed at La Scala, Milan on the 10th January.

1887: “Othello” is performed at La Scala on the 5th February.

1893: “Falstaff” is performed at La Scala on the 9th February.

1897: Giuseppina Strepponi dies on the 14th November at Saint Agata.

Giusseppi Verdi died on the 27th January 1901 at the “Hotel Milan” in Milan. He was originally buried at Milan’s Cimitero Monumental but a month later his body was re-interred in the crypt of the Casa di Riposo in Milan, Italy.

Further Information

List of compositions by Verdi.