Nikoloz Baratashvilli

Portrait of Nikoloz Baratashvilli

Nikoloz Baratashvilli was a Georgian poet. He was born in Tblisi, Georgia on 4th December 1817 and died in Ganja, Azerbaijan on 21st October 1845 aged 27.

Major Works

Dusk on Mtatsminda” (1833–36)
Thought on the Riverside of Mtkvari” (1837)
“The Orphaned Soul” (1839)
“Fate of Georgia” (1839)
“The Evil Spirit” (1843) 
“Pegasus” (1842)

Biography Timeline

Nikoloz Baratashvili was born on 4th December 1817 in Tbilisi, Russian Transcaucasia and has been described as the “Georgian Lord Byron”. His father Prince Meliton was an aristocrat but had no fortune left and was in the service of the Emperor. His mother Efemia was the sister of Prince Grigol Orbeliani who was the granddaughter of King Erekle II. His mother had a love of literature and Baratashvili came into contact with statesmen and writers who visited their house.

1827: He goes to the Tbilisi gymnasium and is taught by Solomon Dodashvili.

1832: The Georgian nobles form a conspiracy against the Russian state which ultimately fails. Baratashvili is quietly sympathetic.

1835: He graduates from school and starts work as a clerk in Ganja in Azerbaijan as the family can’t afford to send him to university. A minor disability meant he couldn’t join the army. His only love Princess Ekaterine Chavchavadze rejects him and marries David Dadiani, Prince of Mingrelia, instead. 

1836: He writes “Twilight over the Mtatsminda”.

1837: He writes “Reflections on the Kura’s Banks”.

1839: He writes “Fate of Georgia and “Lonely Soul”.

1844: He is promoted deputy governor of the province of Ganja.

Nikoloz Baratashvili died on 21st October 1845 in Ganja of malaria leaving most of his poetry unpublished at the time and he was only idolised after his death when they gradually began to be published from 1861 onwards. In 1893 his remains were removed to Georgia with full state ceremony and since 1938 they have been held in the Mtastminda Pantheon.

Further information

Examples of poetry by Baratashvilli.