Jane Austen

Portrait of Jane Austen

Jane Austen was an English novelist known for her works which offer a critique of the British landed gentry. She was born in Steventon, Hampshire, England on 16th December 1775 and died in Winchester, Hampshire on 18th July 1817 aged 41.

Major Works

“Sense and Sensibility”. (1811) 
“Pride and Prejudice”. (1813)
“Mansfield Park”. (1814) 
“Emma”. (1816) 
“Northanger Abbey”“Persuasion”. (1818) 

Biography Timeline

Jane Austen was born on16th December 1775 at the Rectory in Steventon, Hampshire, England. She was the second daughter of the Reverend George Austen and his wife Cassandra in a family of seven children. She was educated by her father at home except for boarding schools at Oxford, Southampton and the Abbey School in Reading.

1790: She begins writing stories at home to entertain her family, culminating in the burlesque novel “Love and Friendship”.

1795-7: She writes the first versions of “Northanger Abbey”, “Sense and Sensibility” and “Pride and Prejudice”.

1797: The original version of “Pride and Prejudice” called “First Impressions” is rejected by a publisher in London.

1801: Her father retires and the whole family move to Bath.

1803: The original version of “Northanger Abbey”, entitled “Susan” is taken on by a publisher but never released.

1804: She starts to write another novel called “The Watsons” but quickly decides not to finish it.

1805: Death of her father.

1808: Her mother and sisters move to Southampton then move into a house in Chawton, Hamphsire which was provided for them by Jane’s well-off brother Edward.

1811: She begins revising “Sense and Sensibility” and it is finally published.

1813: The finished version of “Pride and Prejudice” is published.

1814: She starts work on “Emma”.

1816: “Emma” is published and she dedicates it to George, The Prince Regent, (Later King George the Fourth) at his request. She also completes the novel “Persuasion”.

1817: She begins writing “Sanditon” but cannot finish it due to a major illness. She moves to Winchester to seek medical help and lives in a house near the water meadows, not far from the Cathedral but dies there on18th July. (Jane thought she had “bile” or rheumatism but later scholars have suggested either Addison’s Disease, an adrenal disorder, or Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, a type of cancer). She was buried in the North Aisle of the Nave of Winchester Cathedral, Hampshire, England.

Please see Britain Unlimited’s Jane Austen page for further information.