Timeline:

This is a complete timeline of events surrounding artists and creators who were linked to Romanticism from 1712 up to 1958.

Eighteenth Century

1712: Birth of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1714: Birth of Joseph Vernet

1734: Birth of Joseph Wright of Derby

1740: Birth of Philip James de Loutherbourg

1741: Birth of Henry Fuselli

1743: Birth of Anna Laetitia Barbauld.

1744: Birth of Johann Gottfried Herder.

1746: Births of Henry Fuseli and Francesco Goya

1749: Births of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Charlotte Smith.

1752: Birth of John Nash

1755: Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes “A Discourse on the Origins of Inequality” 

1757: Births of William Blake and Mary Robinson

1759: Births of Robert Burns and Friedrich von Schiller

1762: Births of Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Joanna Baillie.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes “The Social Contract” and “Émile; or, On Education” 

1763: Births of Samuel Rogers and Jean Paul Friedrich Richter.
Claude-Joseph Vernet paints “The Port of Rochefort”.

1764: Births of Jens Immanuel Baggesen and Dorothea Veit-Schlegel.

1766: Birth of Madame Germaine de Stael.

1767: Births of August Wilhelm von Schlegel and Friedrich Wilhelm von Humboldt.

1768: Births of Maria EdgeworthFriedrich Schleiermacher, François-René de Chateaubriand and Joseph Anton Koch.
Joseph Wright of Derby paints “An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump”.

1769: Births of James Ward and Ernst Moritz Arndt

1770: Births of Ludwig van BeethovenWilliam Wordsworth, Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.

1771: Birth of Walter Scott.

1772: Births of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Novalis (Friedrich von Hardenberg) and Friedrich von Schlegel.
Johann Gottfried Herder writes “Abhandlung über den Ursprung der Sprache” (Essay on the Origin of Language).

1773: Births of Ludwig Tieck and Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder.

1774: Births of Caspar David Friedrich and Robert Southey.
Johann von Goethe publishes “The Sorrows of Young Werther”.

1775: Births of J.M.W.Turner, Friedrich Schelling, Jane Austen and Charles Lamb.

1776: Births of John Constable, Johann Joseph Görres and E.T.A Hoffman.

1777: Births of Phillipp Otto Runge and Heinrich Wilhelm von Kleist.

1778: Births of Clemens Brentano, William Hazlitt and Ugo Foscolo and Johann Nepomuk Hummel. Death of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

1779: Birth of Adam Oehlenschlager.

1781: Birth of Achim von Arnim. 
“The Nightmare” is painted by Henry Fuseli.
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller publishes “Die Räu
ber” (The Robbers).
Anna Laetitia Barbauld publishes “Hymns in Prose for Children”.

1782: Births of Niccolo Paganini, Daniel Auber and John Field.

1783: Births of Washington Irving, Stendhal and Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig.

1785: Births of Jacob Grimm, Georg Friedrich Kersting, Thomas Love Peacock, Bettina von Arnim and Allessandro Manzoni.
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller writes “Ode to Joy”.
Jens Immanuel Baggesen publishes Comiske Fortællinger” (Comical Tales).

1786: Births of Carl Maria von WeberAlexander Chavchavadze, Wilhelm Grimm and Marceline Desbordes-Valmore.

1787: Birth of Konstantin Nikolayevich Batyushkov

1788: Births of Arthur Schopenhauer, Joseph von EichendorffJ.C.Dahl and Lord Byron.

1789: Births of John Martin and Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky. Death of Joseph Vernet.
William Blake completes “Songs of Innocence.

1790: Births of Alphonse de Lamartine and Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom
The poem “Tam O’ Shanter” is written by Robert Burns.

1791: Births of Theodore GericaultKazimierz Brodzinski, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Karl Theodor Körner and Carl Czerny.

1792: Births of Percy Byshhe Shelley and Gioachino Rossini.
Mary Robinson  writes “Vancenza; or the Dangers of Credulity”.
Samuel Rogers publishes “The Pleasures of Memory”.

1793: Births of Aleksander Fredro, John Clare and Felicia Dorothea Hemans.
William Blake paints “The Marriage of Heaven and Hell”. 
Charlotte Smith publishes “The Old Manor House”.
Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder and Ludwig Tieck go on their famous Pfingstwanderung (Whitsun excursion) in the Fichtel Mountains on the border of Germany and Czechia which begins the Romantic movement in Germany.

1794: William Blake writes “The Songs of Experience”.
Johann Gottlieb Fichte publishes “Grundlage der Gesamten Wissenschaftslehre” (Foundations of the Entire Science of Knowledge).
Philip James de Loutherbourg paints “Lord Howe’s Action, or the Glorious First of June”.

1795: Births of John Keats and Thomas Carlyle.
William Blake edits “Songs of Innocence and of Experience“.
First Performance of Beethoven’s Piano Concerto No 1 and Piano Concerto No 2.
“For a’ That and a’ That” is written by Robert Burns.
Maria Edgeworth publishes “Letters for Literary Ladies”.
Jean Paul Friedrich Richter publishes “Hesperu”.

1796: Death of Robert Burns.
Madame Germaine de Stael writes De l’influence des Passions sur le Bonheur des Individus et des Nations” (A Treatise on the Influence of the Passions upon the Happiness of Individuals and of Nations)

1797: Births of Franz Schubert, Heinrich Heine, Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny and Mary Shelley. Death of Joseph Wright of Derby.
Robert Southey produces his “Poems”.
Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder publishes “Herzensergießungen eines Kunstliebenden Klosterbruders” (Outpourings of an Art-Loving Monk).
François-René de Chateaubriand publishes “Essai sur les Revolutions”.
Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin writes “The Death of Empedocles” and “Hyperion”.

1798: Births of Adam Mickiewicz, Eugene Delacroix and Giacomo Leopardi. Death of Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder.
Publication of “Lyrical Ballads” by Wordsworth and Coleridge including “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge writes “Kubla Khan” and “Frost at Midnight”.
Novalis publishes “Glauben und Liebe” (Faith and Love).
Mary Robinson writes “A Letter to the Women of England”
The journal “Athenaeum” is first published.
Maria Edgeworth publishes “Practical Education” .

1799: Births of Karl Bryullov, Adam Heinrich Müller and Alexander Pushkin.
Friedrich von Schlegel publishes “Lucinde“.
Johann Gottfried Herder writes “Metakritik zur Kritik der Reinen Vernunft” (A Metacritique of the Critique of Pure Reason).

Nineteenth Century

1800: Births of France Prešeren and Yevgeny Abramovich Baratynsky. Death of Mary Robinson: (née Darby)
First Performance of Beethoven’s Symphony No 1.
Novalis publishes “Hymnen an die Nacht” (Hymns to the Night).
Friedrich Schelling publishes “System des Transzendentalen Idealismus” (System of Transcendental Idealism).
Maria Edgeworth publishes “Castle Rackrent” .

1801: Birth of Vincenzo Bellini. Death of Novalis: (Friedrich von Hardenberg)
First Performance of Beethoven’s “Moonlight” Piano Sonata” (No 14).
Dorothea von Schlegel publishes her novel “Florentin”.

1802: Births of Wilhelm Hauff, Ion Heliade Radulescu, Victor Hugo and Alexandre Dumas. Death of Philip James de Loutherbourg.
Niccolo Paganini begins composing “24 Caprices for Solo Violin”
Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin writes “Andenken” (Remembrance). 
Ugo Foscolo publishes “Ultime lettere di Jacopo Ortis” (The Last Letters of Jacopo Ortis).

1803: Births of Adolphe Adam, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Hector Berlioz, Maurycy Mochnacki, Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev and Prosper Merimee. Death of Johann Gottfried Herder.
First Performance of Beethoven’s Symphony No 2 and Piano Concerto No 3.
Johann Nepomuk Hummel composes his Trumpet Concerto in E major.
Adam Oehlenschlager publishes “Digte” (Poems).

1804: Births of Nathaniel Hawthorne, George Sand, Grigol Orbeliani, Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Mikhail Glinka and Johann Strauss the First.
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller writes “Wilhelm Tell”.
Alexander Chavchavadze writes “Woe to This World and Its Tenants”.

1805: Births of Fanny Mendelssohn and Samuel Palmer. Death of Friedrich von Schiller.
First Performance of Beethoven’s Symphony No 3 “Eroica”, “Fidelio” and “Appasssionata” Piano Sonata”.
Achim von Arnim co-writes “Des Knaben Wunderhorn”.
Joseph Anton Koch paints “Heroic Landscape with Rainbow”.

1806: Births of Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Friedrich Burgmüller. Death of Charlotte Smith.
First Performance of Beethoven’s Violin Concerto.

1807: Births of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Wincenty Pol.
First Performance of Beethoven’s Symphony No 4.
“Tales from Shakespeare”  is written by Charles Lamb.
William Wordsworth writes “Ode: Intimations of Immortality”.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel writes “Phenomenology of Mind”.
Johann Joseph Görres publishes “Die Desutschen Volksbucher” (The German Chapbooks).

1808: Births of Gerard de Nerval and José de Espronceda y Delgado
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe completes “Faust” (Part One).
First Performance of Beethoven’s Symphony No 5, Symphony No 6, Piano Concerto No 4, Choral Fantasy and Triple Concerto. Friedrich von Schlegel publishes  “Über die Sprache und Weisheit der Indier” (On the Language and Wisdom of the Indians).
Johann Gottlieb Fichte publishes “Reden an die Deutsche Nation” (Addresses to the German Nation).
François-René de Chateaubriand publishes “Rene”.
Heinrich von Kleist writes “Der Zerbrochene Krug” (The Broken Jug).
Phillipp Otto Runge paints “The Morning”.

1809: Births of Felix MendelssohnNikili Gogol, Edgar Alan Poe, Oliver Wendell Holmes and Juliusz Slowacki.
Friedrich Schelling publishes “Of Human Freedom”.
Adam Heinrich Müller publishes Die Elemente der Staatskunst” (Elements of Statecarft).
Konstantin Nikolayevich Batyushkov writes “Videnie na bregakh Lety” (A Vision on the Shores of the Lethe).

1810: Births of Frédéric Chopin, Robert Schumann, Ferenc Erkel, Alexandre Herculano, Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay and Karel Hyneck Macha. Death of Phillipp Otto Runge.
First Performance of Beethoven’s Piano Bagatelle “Fur Elise”.
Madame Germaine de Stael writes “De l’Allemagne” (Germany)
“The Nude Maja” is painted by Francisco Goya.
Caspar David Friedrich completes “The Abbey in the Oak Wood”.
Karl Theodor Körner publishes his poems “Knospen” (Buds). 

1811: Births of Franz Liszt, Goncalves de Magalhaes and Theophile Gautier. Death of Heinrich Wilhelm von Kleist.
First Performance of Beethoven’s Piano Concerto No 5 “Emperor”.
The Necessity of Atheism” is written by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Jane Austen writes “Sense and Sensibility“.
August Wilhelm von Schlegel publishes “Poetische Werke”.

1812: Births of Paul AbadieZygmunt Krasinki, Friedrich von Flotow and Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski.
Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage” is written by Lord Byron.
Walter Scott writes “The Lady of the Lake”.
The Brother’s Grimm Fairy Tales are first published.
Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom publishes Blommorna” (The Flowers”).
Ernst Moritz Arndt writes “Vaterlandslied” (“Der Gott, der Eisen Wachsen Liess” (Fatherland Song: The God who let Iron Grow).
Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky writes “A Bard in the Camp of the Russian Warriors”.

1813: Births of Petar II Petrovic-NjegosGiuseppe VerdiRichard Wagner and Soren Kierkegaard. Death of Karl Theodor Körner.
First Performance of Beethoven’s Symphony No 7.
“Queen Mab” is written by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Jane Austen writes “Pride and Prejudice“.
Robert Southey writes “The Life of Nelson”.

1814: Births of Mikhail Lermontov and Girolamo de Rada. Death of Johann Gottlieb Fichte.
“Third of May 1808” painted by Francisco Goya
First Performance of Beethoven’s Symphony No 8 and Piano Trio No 7 “Archduke”.
“The Corsair” is written by Lord Byron.
“Waverley” is written by Walter Scott
Jane Austen writes “Mansfield Park”.
John Field publishes his first three piano nocturnes.

1815: E.T.A. Hoffman publishes “Die Elixiere des Teufels” (The Devil’s Elixirs).
Walter Scott publishes “Guy Mannering or the Astrologer”.
James Ward completes the painting “Gordale Scar”.
Georg Friedrich Kersting paints “On Sentry Duty at the Outpost”.

1816: Births of William Sterndale Bennett and Charlotte Bronte.
Lord Byron and the Shelleys hold a competition with friends to write a horror story on the banks of Lake Geneva.
Jane Austen writes “Emma”.
First performance of “Il Barbiere di Siviglia” (The Barber of Seville) by Gioachino Rossini.
Robert Southey writes “A Poet’s Pilgrimage to Waterloo”.
Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann writes “Nussknacker und Mausekönig” (Nutcracker and Mouse King).
Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig writes“Bibelske Prædikener” (Biblical Sermons).

1817: Births of Henry David ThoreauIvan Aivazovsky, Jose Zorrilla y Moral and Nikoloz Baratashvilli. Deaths of Jane Austen and Madame Germaine de Stael.
George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel writes “Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences”.
“Rob Roy” is written by Walter Scott.
Clemens Brentano writes “Geschichte vom braven Kasperl und dem schönen Annerl” (The Story of Brave Casper and Fair Annie).
J.C. Dahl paints “Frederiksborg Castle”.

1818: Births of Charles Gounod, Emily Bronte and Petar Preradovic.
“Wanderer above the Sea of Fog” is painted by Caspar David Friedrich.
The poem “Ozymandias” is written by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
“Frankenstein or, The Modern Prometheus” is published by Mary Shelley.
The poem “Endymion” is written by John Keats.
“Biographia Literaria” is written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Jane Austen writes “Persuasion”. 
Niccolo Paganini composes his Violin Concerto No.1.
Arthur Schopenhauer publishes “The World as Will and Representation”.
Caspar David Friedrich paints “Wanderer Above a Sea of Fog”.
Thomas Love Peacock publishes “Nightmare Abbey”.

1819: Births of Jacques Offenbach, Clara Schumann and Herman Melville.
“The Raft of the Medusa” is exhibited by Théodore Géricault.
Walter Scott publishes his novel “Ivanhoe”.
John Keats writes “Ode to a Nightingale”
Percy Byshhe Shelley writes “Ode to the West Wind” and the political ballad “The Mask of Anarchy”.
The first parts of “Don Juan” are written by Lord Byron.
“The Waggoner” is written by William Wordsworth.
“Ivanhoe” is written by Walter Scott.
Washington Irving writes “Rip van Winkle”.

1820: Births of Anne Bronte and Joaquim Manuel de Macedo
The poem “Eve of St. Agnes” is written by John Keats
“Prometheus Unbound” is written by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
William Blake writes “Jerusalem”.
Robert Southey writes “The Life of John Wesley”.
Alexander Pushkin completes “Ruslan and Ludmila”.
John Clare publishes “Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery”.
Washington Irving writes “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”.
Alphonse de Lamartine publishes “Méditations Poétiques”.
Kazimierz Brodzinski publishes “Wiesław”.

1821: Births of Cyprian Kamil Norwid, Charles Baudelaire and Gustave Flaubert. Death of John Keats.
“The Hay Wain” is painted by John Constable.
“The Confessions of an English Opium Eater” is written by Thomas de Quincey.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel writes “Philosophy of Right”.
“Table Talk” is written by William Hazlitt.
Premiere of “Der Freischütz” by Carl Maria von Weber.
Friedrich Schleiermacher publishes “Der Christliche Glaube nach den Grundsätzen der Evangelischen Kirche” (The Christian Faith according to the Principles of the Evangelical Church).

1822: Births of César Franck and Janko Kráľ. Death of Percy Byshhe Shelley and E.T.A Hoffman.
Franz Schubert composes Symphony No 8 “The Unfinished”.
John Martin paints “The Destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum”.
Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann writes “Meister Floh” (Master Flea).
John Nash completes The Royal Pavilion, Brighton.

1823: Births of Antônio Gonçalves Dias and Sándor Petőfi.
“Saturn Devouring His Son” is painted by Francisco Goya.
First Performance of Beethoven’s “Diabelli” Piano Variations.
John Constable paints “Salisbury Cathedral”.
Gioachino Rossini premieres “Semiramide”.

1824: Births of Anton Bruckner,Bedřich Smetana and Branko Radičević. Deaths of Lord Byron and Theodore Gericault.
First Performance of Beethoven’s Symphony No 9 and Missa Solemnis.
William Blake illustrates Dante’s “Divine Comedy”.

1825: Births of Charles Garnier, Hans Gude, Johann Strauss the Second and Bernardo Guimarães. Deaths of Anna Laetitia Barbauld, Henry Fuselli and Jean Paul Friedrich Richter.
Franz Schubert composes Symphony No. 9 (“The Great”).
Alexander Pushkin publishes “Boris Godunov”.
Allessandro Manzoni publishes the first part of I Promessi Sposi” (The Betrothed”).

1826: Birth of Frederick Edwin Church. Death of Carl Maria von Weber and Jens Immanuel Baggesen
First performance of Beethoven’s “Grosse Fugue” for String Quartet.
The Last Man” is written by Mary Shelley
“The Plain Speaker” is written by William Hazlitt.
Ludwig Tieck publishes “Dichterleben” (A Poet’s Life).
Wilhelm Hauff writes “Lichtenstein: Romantische Saga aus der Wuerttembergerischen Geschichte” (Lichtenstein: Romantic Saga from the History of Württemberg).
Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny writes “Cinq Mars”.
Joseph von Eichendorff publishes “Aus dem Leben eines Taugenichts” (Memoirs of a Good for Nothing).
Felicia Dorothea Hemans publishes “Casabianca”.

1827: Birth of Josef Strauss. Deaths of Ludwig van BeethovenWilliam BlakeUgo Foscolo and Wilhelm Hauff.
Heinrich Heine publishes “Die Buch der Lieder” (The Book of Songs).
August Wilhelm von Schlegel publishes “On the Theory and History of the Plastic Arts”.

1828: Deaths of Franz Schubert, Henry Fuseli and Francisco Goya.
Eugene Delacroix paints “Death of Sardanapalus”.
Jacob Grimm writes “Deutsche Rechtsaltertümer” (German Legal Antiquities).
Seweryn Goszczyński writes “Zamek Kaniowski” (Kaniv Castle).
Giacomo Leopardi writes “A Silvia” (To Silvia) (1828).

1829: Deaths of Friedrich von Schlegel and Adam Heinrich Müller
Wilhelm Grimm Writes “Die Deutsche Heldensage” (The German Heroic Legend).
Fanny Mendelssohn Bartholdy writes “Easter Sonata”.

1830: Births of Albert BierstadtChristina Rossetti and Emily Dickinson. Death of William Hazlitt.
“On the Constitution of the Church and State” is written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
“Liberty Leading the People” painted by Eugene Delacroix.
Hector Berlioz writes “Symphonie Fantastique”.
Stendhal publishes “Le Rouge et le Noir” (The Red and the Black).
Oliver Wendell Holmes writes “Old Ironsides”.
Daniel Auber completes “Fra Diavolo”.
Maurycy Mochnacki publishes “O Literaturze Polskiej Wieku XIX” (On Polish Literature of the 19th Century).
John Nash‘s redesign of Buckingham Palace, London completed.

1831: Birth of Alvares de Azevedo. Death of Achim von Arnim.
Victor-Marie Hugo publishes “Notre-Dame de Paris”
George Sand publishes “Indiana”.
Thomas Love Peacock publishes “Crotchet Castle”.
Vincenzo Bellini’s “La Sonnambula” (The Sleepwalker) and “Norma” are premiered.

1832: Births of Junqueira Freire and Samuel Colman. Deaths of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Walter Scott and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe completes “Faust (Part Two)“.
John Nash completes the Regent Street area, London.
Gaetano Donizetti premieres “L’Elisir d’Amore” (The Elixir of Love).
Yevgeny Abramovich Baratynsky writes “Na Smert Gyote” (On the Death of Goethe).

1833: Births of Johannes Brahms and Alexander Borodin.
Thomas Caryle completes “Sartor Resartus”.
Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy completes his “Italian” Symphony.
Karl Bryullov completes his painting “The Last Day of Pompeii” .

1834: Deaths of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Charles Lamb, Friedrich Schleiermacher and Maurycy Mochnacki.
Hector Berlioz writes “Harold in Italy”.
Adam Mickiewicz writes “Pan Tadeusz“.
Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve publishes “Volupté”.
Zemsta” (Vengeance) by Aleksander Fredro is first performed.

1835: Deaths of John Nash, Vincenzo Bellini, Friedrich Wilhelm von Humboldt, Kazimierz Brodzinski and Felicia Hemans.
Jacob Grimm publishes “Deutsche Mythologie” (German Mythology).
Nikili Gogol publishes “Taras Bulba”.
Gaetano Donizetti premieres “Lucia da Lammermoor”.
Grigol Orbeliani publishes “Mukhammas”.
Zygmunt Krasinski publishes “Nie-Boska Komedia” (The Undivine Comedy).  

1836: Births of Gustavo Adolfo Becquer and Leo Delibes. Death of Karel Hyneck Macha.
Hector Berlioz writes the “Grande Messe des Morts”.
Giacomo Meyerbeer premieres “Les Hugeuenots”.
First performance of William Sterndale Bennett’s Symphony No. 5.
Karel Hyneck Macha publishes “Máj” (May).
Ion Heliade Radulescu publishes “Zburatoruk”.
Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay publishes “La Confession d’un Enfant du Siècle” (The Confession of a Child of the Century).
Girolamo de Rada publishes “Këngët e Milosaos” (The Songs of Milosao).

1837: Births of Mily Balakirev and Rosalía Rita de Castro. Deaths of John Constable, John Field, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Giacomo Leopardi and Alexander Pushkin.
Thomas Carlyle writes “The French Revolution”.
José de Espronceda y Delgado writes “El Estudiente de Salamanca”.

1838: Births of Georges Bizet and Max Bruch.
Eugene Delacroix paints “Medea about to Kill Her Children” .

1839: Births of Modest Mussorgsky, Casimiro José Marques de Abreu and Joaquim Machado de Assis. Deaths of Joseph Anton Koch and Dorothea Veit-Schlegel.
The Fighting Temeraire tugged to her last berth to be broken up” painted by J.M.W. Turner.
Edgar Allan Poe publishes “The Fall of the House of Usher”.
Frederic Chopin completes “24 Preludes”.
Stendhal publishes “La Chartreuse de Parme” (The Charterhouse of Parma).
Juliusz Slowacki writes “Testament Mój” (My Testament).
Nikoloz Baratashvilli writes “Fate of Georgia”.
Marceline Desbordes-Valmore publishes “Pauvres Fleurs” (Poor Flowers).

1840: Birth of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Deaths of Caspar David Friedrich and Niccolò Paganini.
The foundation stone of the Houses of Parliament, designed by Charles Barry, is laid.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning writes “De Profundis”.
Mikhail Lermontov completes “A Hero of Our Time”.
Joanna Baillie publishes “Fugitive Verses”.

1841: Births of Emmanuel Chabrier, Fagundes Varela and Antonín Dvořák. Death of Mikhail Lermontov.
Hector Berlioz writes “Grande Symphonie Funebre et Triumphale”.
Ralph Waldo Emerson completes his first series of Essays which includes “Self Reliance”
Edgar Allan Poe publishes “The Murders in the Rue Morgue”.
Robert Schumann writes his Fourth Symphony.
John Martin paints “The Fallen Angels Entering Pandemonium”.
Adolphe Adam composes “Giselle”.
Ivan Aivazovsky paints “Chaos”.
Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom begins publishing “Svenska siare och Skalder” (Swedish Prophets and Poets). 

1842: Birth of Jules Massenet. Deaths of Clemens Brentano, Stendhal and José de Espronceda y Delgado
J.M.W Turner paints “Snow Storm: Steam-Boat off a Harbour’s Mouth”.
Edgar Allan Poe publishes “The Pit and the Pendulum”.
Frederic Chopin completes Polonaise in A flat major “The Heroic Polonaise”.
First performance of Charles Gounod’s “Requiem”.
Nikili Gogol publishes “Myortvye Dushi” (Dead Souls).
Elizabeth Barrett Browning publishes “The Cry of the Children”.
Mikhail Glinka premieres “Ruslan and Lyudmila”.

1843: Birth of Edvard Grieg. Death of Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin. Death of Robert Southey.
“The Borderers” is written by William Wordsworth.
First performance of “The Flying Dutchman” by Richard Wagner.
Soren Kierkegaard publishes “Fear and Trembling”.
Bettina von Arnim publishes  “Dies Buch Gehört dem König” (This Book Belongs to the King).
Friedrich Burgmüller produces the ballet “La Péri”.
Antônio Gonçalves Dias writes “Cancao do Exilo” (Song of Exile).

1844: Births of Friedrich Nietzsche and Pablo de Sarasate. Death of Yevgeny Abramovich Baratynsky.
“The Count of Monte Cristo” is written by Alexandre Dumas.
Søren Kierkegaard writes “Fear and Trembling”.
J.M.W Turner paints “Rain, Steam, and Speed – The Great Western Railway”.
Alexandre Dumas publishes “The Count of Monte Cristo” and “The Three Musketeers”.
Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy premieres his Violin Concerto.
Heinrich Heine writes “Die Schlesischen Weber” (The Silesian Weavers”).
Ferenc Erkel composes the Hungarian National Anthem “Hymnusz”.
Janko Kráľ writes “Pieseň Bez Mena (Song Without a Name). 

1845: Births of Gabriel Fauré and Jacint Verdaguer i Santaló. Deaths of August Wilhelm von Schlegel and Nikoloz Baratashvilli.
First performance of “Tannhauser” by Richard Wagner.
Robert Schumann competes his Piano Concerto.
Edgar Allan Poe publishes “The Raven”.
Prosper Merimee writes “Carmen”.

1846: Birth of Naim Frasheri. Death of Alexander Chavchavadze.
Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes “Poems”.
Herman Melville publishes “Typee”.
George Sand publishes “La Mare au Diable”.
Carl Czerny publishes “On the Proper Performance of all Beethoven’s Works for Piano”.
Wincenty Pol publishes “Obrazy z życia i podróży” (Pictures of Life and Travel).
France Prešeren writes “Zdravljica” (The Toast).
Petar Preradovic publishes his 35 “Pervenci” (Premières).
Alexandre Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo begins publishing “História de Portugal”.

1847: Deaths of Fanny Mendelssohn, Felix Mendelssohn and Georg Friedrich Kersting .
“Wuthering Heights” is written by Emily Brontë.
“Jane Eyre” is written by Charlotte Bronte.
“Agnes Grey” is written by Anne Bronte.
Frederic Chopin completes “Minute Waltz in D flat major”.
Friedrich von Flotow composes the opera “Martha”.

1848: Birth of Hristo Botev. Deaths of Emily Bronte, François-René de Chateaubriand and Johann Joseph Görres.
“The Tenant of Wildfell Hall” is written by Anne Bronte.
First performance of the “Radetzky March” by Johann Strauss the Father.
Completion of St George’s Cathedral, Southwark, London by Augustus Pugin.
Samuel Palmer paints “Tintagel Castle”.
Sándor Petőfi writes “Talpra Magyar”.

1849: Deaths of Anne Bronte, Edgar Alan Poe, Juliusz Slowacki, Frédéric Chopin, Johann Strauss the First, France Prešeren, Sándor Petőfi and Maria Edgeworth.
“Shirley” is written by Charlotte Bronte.
Soren Kierkegaard publishes “Sickness unto Death”.
Henry David Thoreau publishes “Civil Disobedience” and “Resistance to Civil Government”.
Jose Zorrilla y Moral publishes “Traidor, Inconfeso y Martir” (Treacherous, Unconfessed, and Martyr).
Branko Radičević writes “Bezimena” (Unnamed).

1850: Birth of Mihai Eminescu. Deaths of William Wordsworth and Adam Oehlenschlager.
First performance of “Lohengrin” by Richard Wagner.
The novel “The Scarlet Letter” is written by Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev writes “The Last Love”.

1851: Deaths of Petar II Petrovic-NjegosJ.M.W.Turner, Mary Shelley and Joanna Baillie.
Guiseppi Verdi produces “Rigoletto”.
Herman Melville publishes “Moby-Dick; or, The Whale” .
Petar II Petrovic-Njegos writes “Lažni car Šćepan Mali” (The False Tsar Stephen the Small).

1852: Deaths of Alvares de AzevedoKarl Bryullov and Nikili Gogol.
Nathaniel Hawthorne writes “The Blithedale Romance”.
Jacob Grimm completes his German Dictionary.

1853: Deaths of Ludwig Tieck, Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky and Branko Radičević.
Guiseppi Verdi produces “La Traviata” and “Il Trovatore”.
Robert Schumann writes his Violin Concerto.
John Martin paints “The Great Day of his Wrath”.
First publication of by “Lira dos Vinte Anos” by Manuel Antônio Álvares de Azevedo.

1854: Birth of Engelbert Humperdinck. Deaths of John Martin and Friedrich Schelling.
Franz Liszt composes “A Faust Symphony”.
Henry David Thoreau publishes “Walden; or, Life in the Woods”.
Gerard de Nerval publishes “Les Filles du Feu” (The Daughters of Fire”).

1855: Birth of Ernest Chausson. Deaths of Charlotte Bronte, Junqueira Freire, Soren Kierkegaard, Samuel Rogers, Adam Mickiewicz, Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Konstantin Nikolayevich Batyushkov and Gerard de Nerval.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow publishes “The Song of Hiawatha”.
Herman Melville publishes “Israel Potter: His Fifty Years of Exile”.
“Inspirações do Claustro” (Cloister Inspirations) by Junqueira Freire is published.
Joaquim Manuel de Macedo publishes “A Carteira do Meu Tio” (My Uncle’s Wallet).

1856: Deaths of Heinrich Heine, Adolphe Adam and Robert Schumann.
Goncalves de Magalhaes writes “A Confederação dos Tamojos”.

1857: Birth of Ruggero Leoncavallo. Deaths of Joseph von Eichendorff, Carl Czerny, Mikhail Glinka, Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay and J.C. Dahl.
Charles Baudelaire publishes “Les Fleurs du Mal”.
Gustave Flaubert publishes “Madame Bovary”.

1858: Birth of Giacomo Puccini
Hector Berlioz writes “Les Troyens”.
Jacques Offenbach premieres “Orphée aux Enfers” (Orpheus in the Underworld).

1859: Deaths of Wilhelm Grimm (Brothers Grimm), Washington Irving, Zygmunt Krasinki, Bettina von Arnim, Marceline Desbordes-Valmore and James Ward.
First performance of Charles Gounod’s “Faust”.  
“Success is counted sweetest” is published by Emily Dickinson.
Frederic Edwin Church exhibits the painting “The Heart of the Andes”.
Casimiro José Marques de Abreu publishes “As Primaveras” (Springtime).

1860: Births of Gustav Mahler, Hugo Wolf and Isaac Levitan. Deaths of Arthur Schopenhauer, Casimiro José Marques de Abreu  and Ernst Moritz Arndt.
Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes “The Conduct of Life”.
Henry David Thoreau publishes “Echoes of Harper’s Ferry”.
Augustus Pugin completes the interiors of the Palace of Westminster, London.
Nathaniel Hawthorne writes “The Marble Faun”.

1861: Death of Elizabeth Barrett Browning.

1862: Death of Henry David Thoreau
Victor-Marie Hugo publishes “Les Misérables”
Christina Rossetti publishes “Goblin Market and other Poems”.
Cyprian Norwid publishes “Poezje” (Poems).
Gustave Flaubert publishes “Salammbô”.

1863: Deaths of Eugene Delacroix, Jacob Grimm (Brothers Grimm) and Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow publishes “Paul Revere’s Ride”.
First performance of Georges Bizet’s “The Pearl Fishers”. 
Albert Bierstadt paints “The Rocky Mountains, Lander’s Peak”.
Rosalía Rita de Castro publishes “Cantares Gallegos” (Galician Songs).

1864: Deaths of Giacomo MeyerbeerNathaniel Hawthorne, John Clare and Antônio Gonçalves Dias.
Anton Bruckner first performs “Mass in D minor“.
Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev completes “Russia”.
Jacques Offenbach premieres “La Belle Hélène”.

1865: Births of Carl Nielsen, Alexander Glazunov and Jean Sibelius
First performance of “Tristan and Isolde” by Richard Wagner.

1866: Death of Thomas Love Peacock.
Max Bruch‘s Violin Concerto No 1 is first performed. 
Bedřich Smetana premieres “Prodaná Nevěsta” (The Bartered Bride).
Samuel Colman paints “Storm King on the Hudson”.

1867: Birth of Amy Beach. Death of Charles Baudelaire.
First performance of “An der Schönen Blauen Donau” (On the Beautiful Blue Danube) by Johann Strauss the Son. 
Modest Mussorgsky composes “Night on a Bald Mountain” .
Albert Bierstadt paints “The Domes of the Yosemite”.

1868: Birth of Hamish MacCunn. Death of Gioachino Rossini.
Johannes Brahms completes “A German Requiem”.

1869: Deaths of Hector Berlioz and Alphonse de Lamartine.
Edvard Grieg completes his Piano Concerto.
Josef Strauss co-writes the “Pizzicato-Polka” with his bother Johann.
The foundation stone for Neuschwanstein Castle, designed by Eduard Riedel, is laid.

1870: Deaths of Gustavo Adolfo Becquer, Alexandre Dumas, Josef Strauss and Prosper Merimee.
Tchaikovsky completes “Romeo and Juliet”.
Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes “Society and Solitude”.
Albert Bierstadt paints “The Emerald Pool”.
The ballet Coppélia” by Léo Delibes receives its premiered.

1871: Birth of Anton Arensky. Death of Daniel Auber. 
Premiere of Guiseppi Verdi’s opera “Aida”.

1872: Births of Ralph Vaughan Williams and Alexander Scriabin. Deaths of Wincenty Pol, Petar Preradovic, Theophile Gautier, N.F.S. Grundtvig and Ion Heliade Radulescu.
Oliver Wendell Holmes writes “The Poet of the Breakfast-Table”.

1873: Birth of Sergei Rachmaninoff. Deaths of Allessandro Manzoni and Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev.
Johannes Brahms completes “St Antoni Chorale-Variations on a Theme by Haydn”
First performance of Georges Bizet’s  “Carmen”.
Ivan Aivazovsky paints “The Rainbow”.
Hristo Botev writes “Zadade se Oblak Temen” (A Dark Cloud Is Coming).

1874: Death of Friedrich Burgmüller.
Modest Mussorgsky premieres the opera “Boris Godunov” and “Pictures at an Exhibition”.
Gustave Flaubert  publishes “The Temptation of Saint Anthony” (1874)
Johann Strauss the Son composes “Die Fledermaus” (The Bat).

1875: Deaths of Fagundes Varela, William Sterndale Bennett and Georges Bizet.
Tchaikovsky first performs his Piano Concerto No 1.
Paul Abadie begins the construction of Sacre Coeur Basilica in Montmartre, Paris.
Jean-Louis Charles Garnier completes the Paris Opera House.
Edvard Grieg completes the “Peer Gynt Suite”.
Bernardo Joaquim da Silva Guimarães publishes A Escrava Isaura” (The Slave Girl Isaura).

1876: Deaths of Aleksander Fredro, George Sand, Hristo Botev and Janko Kráľ.
The “Ring Cycle” by Richard Wagner is completed.
Johannes Brahms completes Symphony No 1.
“Swan Lake” by Tchaikovsky is first performed.
Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski publishes “Stara Baśń” (An Ancient Tale).
Jacint Verdaguer i Santaló publishes “L’Atlàntida” (Atlantis).

1877: Death of Alexandre Herculano.
Camille Saint-Saëns writes “Samson and Delilah”.

1878: Johannes Brahms completes his Violin Concerto.
Pablo de Sarasate composes “Zigeunerweisen” (Gypsy Airs).

1879: Bedřich Smetana completes “Má Vlast”.

1880: Death of Jacques Offenbach and Gustave Flaubert.
Franz Liszt composes “Mephisto Waltz No. 2.

1881: Deaths of Thomas Carlyle, Modest Mussorgsky and Samuel Palmer.
Johannes Brahms completes his Second Piano Concerto.
Ivan Aivazovsky paints “The Black Sea”.
Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis publishes “Memorias Postumas de Bras Cubas” (The Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas).

1882: Deaths of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Joaquim Manuel de Macedo and Goncalves de Magalhaes.
First performance of “Parsifal” by Richard Wagner.
Christina Rossetti writes “The Face of the Deep”.

1883: Deaths of Richard Wagner, Cyprian Kamil Norwid, Friedrich von Flotow and Grigol Orbeliani.
Léo Delibes composes “Lakmé”.
Emmanuel Chabrier premieres “España”.
Anton Arensky completes his Symphony No 1.
Mihai Eminescu writes “Luceafarul” (The Vesper).

1884: Deaths of Paul Abadie, Bernardo Guimarães and Bedřich Smetana.
“Te Deum” by Anton Bruckner is first performed.
First performance of “Manon” by Jules Massenet.

1885: Deaths of Victor Hugo and Rosalía Rita de Castro
Friedrich Nietzsche completes “Thus Spoke Zarathustra”.

1886: Deaths of Franz Liszt and Emily Dickinson.
Friedrich Nietzsche publishes “Beyond Good and Evil”.
Camille Saint-Saëns premieres his Third (“Organ”) Symphony.

1887: Deaths of Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski and Alexander Borodin.
Friedrich Nietzsche publishes “On the Genealogy of Morals”.
Gabriel Fauré completes “Pavane”.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov writes “Capriccio Espagnol” (Spanish Capriccio).
Hamish MacCunn writes “The Land of the Mountain and the Flood”.
“Polovtsian Dances” by Alexander Borodin are first heard.

1888: Gustav Mahler completes his first Symphony “The Titan”.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov composes “Sheherazade”.
Johann Strauss the Son composes the “Kaiserwaltzer” (Emperor Waltz)
César Franck composes his  Symphony in D Minor.

1889: Deaths of Mihai Eminescu and Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve.
Friedrich Nietzsche publishes “Twilight of the Idols“.  
Ivan Aivazovsky paints “The Wave”.
Hans Gude paints “Oban Bay, Scotland”.

1890: Death of Cesar Franck.
Gabriel Fauré completes his Requiem.
First performance of the opera “Cavalleria Rusticana” by Pietro Mascagni.
“Prince Igor”  by Alexander Borodin is first performed.
Naim Frasheri publishes Luletë e Verësë” (The Flowers of Summer).
Ernest Chausson completes his Symphony in B flat major.

1891: Death of Herman Melville and Leo Delibes.

1892: Tchaikovsky’s “The Nutcracker” is first performed.
Premiere of “Pagliacci” by Ruggero Leoncavallo.

1893: Deaths of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Charles Gounod, Jose Zorrilla y Moral and Ferenc Erkel.
Antonín Dvořák premieres his Ninth Symphony “From the New World”.
Jean Sibelius writes “The Karelia Suite“.
Engelbert Humperdinck writes his opera “Hansel und Gretel”.

1894: Deaths of Christina Rossetti, Oliver Wendell Holmes and Emmanuel Chabrier.

1895: Giacomo Puccini completes his opera “La Bohème”. 
Antonín Dvořák premieres his Cello Concerto.
“Der Corregidor” is premiered by Hugo Wolf.

1896: Deaths of Anton Bruckner and Clara Schumann.
Jean Sibelius publishes “The Swan of Tuonela”.
The “Gaelic” Symphony by Amy Beach is premiered.

1897: Death of Johannes Brahms
Isaac Levitan paints “In the Alps in the Spring”.

1898: Death of Charles Garnier

1899: Deaths of Ernest Chausson and Johann Strauss the Second.

Twentieth Century

1900:  Deaths of Friedrich Nietzsche, Ivan Aivazovsky, Frederick Edwin Church, Naim Frasheri and Isaac Levitan.
Anton Arensky completesEgyptian Nights”.
Amy Beach premieres her Piano Concerto.

1901: Death of Giuseppe Verdi.
Sergei Rachmaninoff  composes his Piano Concerto No. 2.

1902: Deaths of Albert Bierstadt and Jacint Verdaguer i Santaló
Carl Nielsen premieres “Saul and David”.

1903: Deaths of Hans Gude, Hugo Wolf and Girolamo de Rada.

1904: Death of Antonín Dvořák.
Alexander Glazunov composes his Violin Concerto.

1905: Jean Sibelius writes “Pelleas and Melisande”.
Hamish MacCunn writes “The Wreck of the Hesperus”.

1906: Death of Anton Arensky.
Gustav Mahler completes his Symphony No 8.

1907: Death of Edvard Grieg

1908: Deaths of Pablo de Sarasate and Joaquim Machado de Assis.
“Das Lied von der Erde” is completed by Gustav Mahler.
Alexander Scriabin first performs the symphonic poem “Poem of Ecstasy”.

1910: Death of Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev.
Ralph Vaughan Williams writes “Fantasia on a Theme of Thomas Tallis”.

1911: Death of Gustav Mahler
Carl Nielsen premieres his Violin Concerto.

1912: Death of Jules Massenet.

1913: Gabriel Fauré writes his opera “Pénélope”.
César Cui composes “Puss in Boots”.

1914: Ralph Vaughan Williams writes “The Lark Ascending”.

1915: Death of Alexander Scriabin.

1916: Death of Hamish MacCunn.

1919: Death of Ruggero Leoncavallo.

1920: Deaths of Max Bruch and Samuel Colman.

1921: Death of Engelbert Humperdinck.

1924: Deaths of Giacomo Puccini and Gabriel Fauré.

1928: Carl Nielsen premieres his Clarinet Concerto.

1931: Death of Carl Nielsen

1936: Death Alexander Glazunov.

1934: Ralph Vaughan Williams writes “Fantasia on “Greensleeves”.
Sergei Rachmaninoff  composes “Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini”.

1943: Death of Sergei Rachmaninoff.

1944: Death of Amy Beach.

1957: Death of Jean Sibelius

1958: Death of Ralph Vaughan Williams.