Eduard Riedel

Portrait of Eduard Riedel

Eduard Riedel was a German architect, lecturer and government building official. He was born on 1st February 1813 in Bayreuth, Bavaria, Germany and died on 24th August 1885 in Starnberg, Bavaria, Germany aged 72.

Major Works

Palace and gardens for King Otto in Athens, Greece (1850)
Propylaea (Munich) (1862)
Neuschwanstein Castle, Hohenschwangau, Bavaria. (1886) 

Biography Timeline

Eduard Riedel was born on 1st February 1813 in Bayreuth, Bavaria, Germany.

1834: He begins to study architecture in Bayreuth and then graduates from University in Munich, the capital of Bavaria. Afterwards his first project is to supervise the building of the Ludwigstraße Damenstift (convent) in Munich. He then moves to Greece where he is appointed court architect and works on the residence and palace garden for King Otto in Athens.

1848: He begins work on the conceptual drawings for the grave of King Maximillian the Second of Bavaria in the Theatine Church, Munich (who dies in 1864). 

1849: He begins work on the reconstruction of Berg Castle, situated on Lake Starnberg.

1850: He moves back to Munich and completes the Propylaea City Gate project with Leo von Klenze.

1852: He is appointed a professor at the Polytechnic Institute in Munich where he stays until 1857. He works on the completion of the Casino on the Roseninsel in Lake Starnberg and also on conceptual drawings for the front of the Maximilian-il-Kaserne military barracks in Munich.

1853: He is appointed Superintendent of the Royal Building Authorities.

1856: He begins work on the reconstruction of Herzog Max Castle in Munich.

1857: He designs the Royal hunting house near Ettal in Garmisch Partenkirchen, Bavaria. 

1859: He begins work designing the Bavarian National Museum in Munich (completed 1863).

1860: He designs the monument to the poet Wolfram von Eschenbach in Wolframs Eschenbach.

1862: He works on plans for the gardens at the Feldafing Palace on Lake Starnberg and concept designs for the new university at Karlsplatz in Munich.

1864: King Ludwig the Second of Bavaria had spent much of his childhood at the medieval style Hohenschwangau Castle, but at his accession he wants a new version built. This gives rise to designs for New Hohenschwangau which we now know as Neuschwanstein Castle. The overall designs for the new building are drawn up by the painter Christian Jank and Riedel is called upon to translate these into reality.

1868: Construction of Neuschwanstein begins over the Pöllat Gorge near Fussen in the Bavarian Alps.  The ruins of two smaller castles on the site are removed to make way for the new works.

1869: The foundation stone for Neuschwanstein Castle is laid in September.

1870: Meanwhile he is involved in other projects and designs the Assumption Church in Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA even though he never visits the country.

1872: He is appointed as the principal architect to the court of King Ludwig of Bavaria.

1873: Ludwig had expected the entire project to take three years but by now only the gateway of the castle is completed and inhabitable.

1874: Riedel is succeeded as chief architect of Neuschwanstein by Georg von Dollman and, as the project takes so long, later still by Julius Hoffman in 1886.

1880: The topping-out ceremony for Neuschwanstein is held on 29th January but construction is still far from complete.

Eduard Riedel died on 24th August 1885 in Starnberg Bavaria, Germany. He was buried in the Alte Sudfriedhof (Old Southern Cemetery) in Munich. In 1886 King Louis died by allegedly drowning himself and work on Neuschwanstein came to a halt only being completed in 1892.