Rosalía Rita de Castro

Portrait of Rosalía Rita de Castro

María Rosalía Rita de Castro was a Galician poet and novelist. She was born on 23rd February 1837 in Santiago de Compostela, Spain and died on 15th July 1885 in Padrón, A Coruña, Spain aged 48.

Major Works

Cantares Gallegos” (Galician Songs) (1863)
Contos da Miña Terra” (Tales from my Land) (1864)
Las Literatas” (The Literati) (1866)
El Caballero de las Botas Azules” (The Gentleman in the Blue Boots) (1867)
En las Orillas del Sar” (On the Banks of the Sar) (1884)

Biography Timeline

María Rosalía Rita de Castro was born on 23rd February 1837 in Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

1857: She publishes the poem “La Flor” (The Flowerin Spanish. 

1858: She marries Manuel Murguía on 10th October in Madrid. He is a historian and journalist and member of the Royal Galician Academy literary group and also edits her books.

1859: The couple go on to have seven children with her daughter Alexandra being the first. She publishes “La Hija del Mar” (The Daughter of the Sea).

1861: She publishes “Flavio”.

1863: On 17th May she publishes her first collection of poetry in Galician entitled “Cantares Gallegos” (Galician Songs). Since 1963 this date has become known as the Dia das Letras Galegas (Galician Literature Day). She is writing in the period known as Rexurdimento (Renaissance) after the end of the Séculos Escuros (Dark Centuries) and becomes an important figure in the Galician Romantic movement along along with Manuel Curros Enriquez and Eduardo Pondal. Her works are described as Saudade (Nostalgic and melancholic). She publishes “A mi Madre” (To my mother) and “El Cadiceño” (Cadiz) in Spanish.

1864: She publishes “Contos da Miña Terra” (Tales from my Land).

1866: She publishes “Ruinas” (Ruins) and “Las Literatas” (The Literati).

1867: She publishes “El Caballero de las Botas Azules” (The Gentleman in the Blue Boots).

1868: Birth of her daughter Aura.

1871: Birth of her twins Gala and Ovidio.

1873: Birth of Amara. 

1875: Birth of her son Adriano.

1877: Her daughter Valentina is stillborn. 

1880: She publishes a final collection of poetry in Galician entitled “Follas Novas” (New Leaves). In her works she is a staunch supporter of women’s rights and against the abuse of authority.

1881: She publishes “El Primer Loco” (The First Madman), “El Domingo de Ramos” (Palm Sunday) and “Padrón y las Inundaciones” (Padrón and the Floods).

1884: She publishes “En las Orillas del Sar” (On the Banks of the Sar).

María Rosalía Rita de Castro died of uterine cancer on 15th July 1885 in Padrón, A Coruña, Spain. She is buried in the Panteón de Galegos Ilustres, (Pantheon for illustrious Galicians) in the convent of San Domingos de Bonanval in Santiago de Compostela, Spain.