John Constable

Portrait of John Constable

John Constable was an English painter most famous for his landscapes which were principally about subjects in the Suffolk countryside. He was a member of the Royal Academy of Arts in London. He was born in East Bergholt in Suffolk on 11th June 1776 and died on 31st March 1837 aged 60.

Major Works

“View on the Stour” (1819). 
“The Hay Wain” (1820).
“Salisbury Cathedral” (1823).

Biography Timeline

John Constable was born on 11th June 1776 at East Bergholt in Suffolk, England. He was the son of a wealthy mill owner and was educated at the Royal Academy Schools in London.

1794: He works for a year in his father’s mill but the wealthy landscape painter and art patron Sir George Beaumont encourages his family to send him to the Royal Academy Schools.

1802: He exhibits his first painting at the Royal Academy in London.

1816: He marries Maria Bicknell.

1819: He is elected an Associate of the Royal Academy.

1824: He has a success at the Paris Salon with “The Haywain” winning a Gold Medal.

1825: He wins a gold Medal at Lille with “White Horse”.

1827: Death of his wife Maria.

1828: On the death of Constable’s father-in-law he inherits £20,000 and is able to devote himself entirely to landscape painting.

1829: Constable is elected a Full Member of the Royal Academy of Arts. His style particularly encompasses the changing light on a landscape and the movement of clouds across the sky. His later years are saddened by bereavement, ill health and depression but he continues painting, although many of his landscapes remain unsold.

John Constable died on 31st March 1837 in London of heart failure and was buried at St. John’s Churchyard in Church Row, Hampstead, London, England.

Further Information

Please see Britain Unlimited’s John Constable page for further information.

Examples of paintings by Constable.