Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre

Portrait of Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre

Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre was a Brazilian poet, playwright, painter and cartoonist. He was born on 29th November 1806 in Rio Pardo, Brazil and died on 30th December 1879 in Lisbon, Portugal aged 73.

Major Works

Angélica e Firmino” (1845)
“Excertos das Memórias e Viagens do Coronel Bonifácio do Amarante” Excerpts from the Memoirs and Travels of Colonel Bonifácio do Amarante” (under pen name Tibúrcio do Amarante) (1848)
Canto Inaugural” (Inaugural Song) (1855)
Os Lobisomens” (The Werewolves) (1862)
“Colombo” (1866)
“Os Voluntários da Pátria” (The Volunteers of the Fatherland) (1877)

Biography Timeline

Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre was born on 29th November 1806 in Rio Pardo, Brazil. His father was Francisco José de Araújo and his mother was Francisca Antônia Viana. He changed his name to Manuel de Araújo Pitangueira during the Independence of Brazil in 1822 and then later finally changed it to Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre.

1823: He paints his “Self-portrait” in oils.

1826: He travels to Rio de Janeiro to study painting at the Academy of Fine Arts with Jean Baptiste Debret and also studies medicine and philosophy at the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras (military school). 

1830: He dedicates the poem “Ode Sáfica” to Debret.

1831: With financial help he travels with Debret to Europe, in order to improve his painterly technique. Back in Rio he becomes part of the first Brazilian romantic group and a great nationalist.

1835: He travels to Italy, where he meets the Brazilian poet Goncalves de Magalhaes.

1837: He jointly creates the journal “Niterói” in France with Magalhães. He teaches the history of art at the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts.

1837: He writes the play “Prólogo Dramático”. 

1838: He marries Ana Paulina Delamare and the couple go on to have two children. 

1840: He begins work on his epic poem “Colombo” which gets published in parts in magazines during the 1850’s. He is appointed the official painter and decorator of Emperor Pedro the Second’s palace in Petropolis and helps with designs for Pedro’s wedding with Teresa Christina of the Two Sicilies and his coronation. He is awarded with the Order of Christ and the Order of the Rose for his work.

1843: He creates the magazine “Minerva Brasiliense” with Gonçalves de Magalhães and Francisco de Sales Torres Homem in which he publishes his poem “Brasiliana”.

1844: He founds the humourous magazine “Lanterna Mágica” with Homem where he publishes his cartoons for the first time.

1845: He publishes the plays “Angélica e Firmino” and “A Destruição das Florestas” (The Destruction of Forests).

1848: He moves posts to become a drawing teacher at the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras and begins doing his first caricatures. He publishes “Excertos das Memórias e Viagens do Coronel Bonifácio do Amarante” (Excerpts from the Memoirs and Travels of Colonel Bonifácio do Amarante) under the pseudonym Tibúrcio do Amarante.

1849: He founds the journal “Guanabara” with Joaquim Manuel de Macedo and Antonio Gonçalves Dias which becomes the official record of the Romantic movement in Brazil and continues until 1856.

1851: He publishes the play “A Estátua Amazônica” (The Amazon Statue).

1852: He becomes a councillor in the Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro and works in the areas of public health and urban planning. He writes the play “A Restauração de Pernambuco” (The Restoration of Pernambuco).

1854: He quits the council to become the headteacher of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts until 1857.

1855: He publishes the poem “Canto Inaugural” (Inaugural Song).

1857: He publishes the play “A Noite de São João” (The Night of Saint John).

1858: He serves in Berlin as Brazilian Consul to Prussia. He writes the play “Cenas de Penafiel” (Scenes from Penafiel).

1859: He writes the plays “Os Judas” (The Judas) and “O Prestígio da Lei” (The Prestige of the Law).

1860: He is appointed Brazilian Consul to Saxony in Dresden.

1862: He publishes the play “Os Lobisomens” (The Werewolves).

1863: He writes several articles, biographies and political studies including “Brasiliana” in his magazine “Brasilianas”.

1865: He writes to Joaquim Manuel de Macedo from Dresden stating he has become a Spiritist and is able to accept messages from the Underworld.

1866: His final posting as Brazilian Consul is to Lisbon, Portugal. His epic “Colombo” is finally published in its entirety.

1874: The Emperor Pedro the Second grants him the title of Baron of Santo Ângelo. He becomes a member of the Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute.

1877: He publishes the play “Os Voluntários da Pátria” (The Fatherland Volunteers).

Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre died on 30th December 1879 in Lisbon, Portugal and was buried there. In 1922 his remains were taken to Brazil.

Further Information

Example of paintings of Porto-Alegre.

List of artworks by Porto-Alegre.

List of books by Porto-Alegre.